January 16, 2024

Electric Vehicle Charging in Maryland

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11 Min. Read

For electric vehicle (EV) owners and drivers in Maryland, cruising along the scenic byways of the Old Line State without a single drop of gasoline powering their journey would require the following: the availability of EV charging stations, careful planning for long road trips, accounting for weather conditions, and maintaining the vehicle’s battery.

The switch from gas to electric-powered transportation has seen significant momentum nationwide. This change is evident in the ever-increasing percentage of EV sales by auto manufacturers, as well as advances in the public and private EV charging infrastructure. In this race toward a more sustainable future and electric-powered future of transportation, Maryland overcomes its status as the 9th smallest state to bypass larger states with a clear commitment to the future of EVs and state-wide electrification.

Welcome to the revolution of Maryland road-tripping and vehicle ownership in the era of EVs! From Baltimore to Annapolis or the Appalachian to the Atlantic, this guide will help you navigate through the landscape of EV ownership and EV charging in the great state of Maryland.

EV Travel Across the Country

Setting off on a cross-country journey in your EV can be an exciting prospect. With Maryland as your starting point, you have the liberty to traverse the diverse landscapes the US has to offer while riding on clean, renewable energy.

To ensure a seamless road trip, it’s essential to keep a keen eye on your EV’s battery level and know where your next charging station lies. Apps like PlugShare, ChargeHub, and even Google Maps can be your co-pilots, guiding you to the nearest charging spots in real-time.

Consider your charging speed and battery capacity as well when you plan your route and rest stops. Familiarize yourself with the varying charging infrastructures and incentive programs across different states to take full advantage of them.

Maryland boasts a generous network of public charging stations and beneficial EV policies which may differ from those of other states.

EV Charging in Maryland

Maryland waves a green flag in the EV movement. Not just another state on the map, it was a beacon that shone brightly at the 14th spot nationwide for EV registrations as of December 2022, per the Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC) of the US Department of Energy (US DOE) and continues to rank among the top 10 states with the highest overall EV adoption rates, as of September 2023.

More recent statistics from the Maryland Department of Transportation (MDOT) recorded a total of approximately 81,000 registered EVs in the state as of October 2023. This figure underscores the state’s commitment to sustainable transportation and is set to scale the 300,000 mark by 2025, according to MDOT Chief of Environment and Sustainable Transportation Deron Lovaas.

As EV technology continues to break new ground, so does Maryland’s dedication to bolstering its EV infrastructure.

Maryland’s Robust EV Charging Network

In the fall of 2022, Maryland received approval for its National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) State Plan. With an allocation of roughly $63 million from federal funds for the 2022-2026 period, this initiative sets aside an estimated $9.3 million for the inaugural year alone.

A May 2023 report from Statista showed Maryland ranked #9 in the Top 10 US states for private and public electric vehicle charging stations and charging outlets and as of January 2024, there are roughly 1,667 public EV charging stations available across the Old Line State. To put this into perspective, that’s a ratio of 1:1,773 EV chargers to persons in a population of approximately 6 million.

Given these numbers, Maryland has set ambitious targets to ensure that one EV charging station with a minimum of four fast chargers is available every 50 miles along its electric corridors and interstates. The state also aims to provide additional access within one mile of these highways.

This extensive public charging network plan not only signals Maryland’s earnest efforts to support the burgeoning EV sector but also paints an optimistic picture for electrifying its roadways.

To find a convenient charging station near you, it’s advisable to leverage online resources. Various platforms such as the US DOE’s Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC), PlugShare, and ChargeHub provide comprehensive maps, featuring information about each station’s location, the type of connectors available, and their pricing details.

Profiles of Public Charging Stations in Maryland

Powering up your EV in the Old Line State comes with several options. The majority are Level 2 chargers, which strike a balance between charging speed and affordability. Charging costs for these stations typically range from 20 to 30 cents per kWh and your EV can typically be fully charged from 20-80% in approximately 4 to 10 hours depending on your EV model.

If you’re looking for a quick power top-off with a full charge in an hour or less, the state hosts over 800 DC fast charging (Level 3) ports among the over 4,600 total public charging ports available across the state. While these high-speed chargers are relatively fewer in number, their swift charging time can be a major advantage, but they can come at a higher cost of anywhere from $0.40 to $0.60 per kWh.

For those preferring a slow and steady top-up, there are also a handful of Level 1 stations. Public Level 1 EV chargers often offer free charging, but EV owners and drivers can expect a longer wait time as charging with a Level 1 EV charger can take well over 40 hours to charge. It might be a great idea to carry a Level 1 EV charger in your vehicle for a top-off in an emergency since Level 1 EV charging can be used with a standard 120V outlet, but it typically isn’t ideal for daily use driving or longer trips.

Ultimately, the type of station you choose will depend on your specific needs — whether it’s speed, cost-effectiveness, or location.

Despite the differences, one thing remains constant: charging your EV in Maryland will almost always be more wallet-friendly than keeping a conventional car full of gasoline. With a variety of options, Maryland’s public infrastructure is ready to fuel your daily energy requirements—and even your next electric adventure.

More than that, the state offers a number of incentives to encourage switching to more planet-friendly vehicles.

Tax Credits and Government Incentives for EVs in Maryland

The Old Line State makes going electric more appealing by allowing EV owners to save some money in the process.

Residential Credits

The Pre-Owned Electric Vehicle and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Tax Credit likewise offers up to $4,000 for second-hand EV purchases, while the formerly known Qualified Plug-in Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Credit, now known as the Clean Vehicle Credit grants new EV buyers up to $7,500 toward the purchase of a new and qualifying electric vehicle.

On the local level, in addition to the $7,500 federal income tax credit, Maryland extends up to $3,000 for every qualified new plug-in vehicle purchase. Businesses may apply up to 10 EVs for this incentive.

As for individual EV owners, the MDOT Motor Vehicle Administration also offers high-occupancy vehicle (HOV) lane permits for a discounted rate of only $5. This incentive is effective until September 2025 and covers EVs with only one or two passengers onboard, bypassing the standard occupancy rates.

Commercial Credits

Federal incentives for commercial vehicles include the Commercial Electric Vehicle and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Tax Credit, which grants up to 30% of the EV purchase price to eligible EVs. Also on the federal level, an EV could be permitted to surpass weight limits through the Natural Gas Vehicle and Plug-In Electrical Vehicle Weight Exemption.

Utility Incentives for Residential and Commercial EV Charging Stations

Certain utility companies in Maryland, including Pepco and Baltimore Gas and Electric Company (BGE), also provide advantageous credits to EV drivers for various activities such as lower rates for those who charge their vehicles during non-peak hours (8:00 PM to 11:59 AM on weekdays). Further financial perks are provided by Potomac Edison and Delmarva Power, so check with your local utility to explore what savings and incentives you may qualify to receive.

Additionally, under a pilot scheme approved by the Maryland Public Service Commission, select utilities such as the ones mentioned above have been granted the ability to manage public EV charging ports and these currently amount to over 1,000 charging ports across the state.

Though the costs of this program are initially passed on to ratepayers regardless of their use of EVs, the aim is to achieve self-sustainability as usage grows over time. Currently, the stations operate at a financial deficit, but recognizing these challenges, Delegates David Fraser-Hidalgo and Jen Terrasa have put forward the Electric Vehicle Charging Reliability Act (HB 834 ). The Act stipulates mandatory standards for station uptime and periodic reviews of the cost and performance of utility-owned charging facilities. This allows EV users and ratepayers to remain informed while enabling utilities to rapidly spot and resolve any issues.

Fleet and Business Credits

For EV fleet owners, the Clean Fuels Incentive Program provides car grants from $5,000 to $150,000 per unit. Local government operators also receive up to $7,500 from the Maryland Smart Energy Communities (MSEC).

Businesses, non-profit organizations, workplaces, other commercial businesses, and multifamily communities can benefit from the Maryland Energy Administration (MEA) rebate of 40% of the costs for EV charger installation, up to $4,000.

Lastly, all EV owners are exempted from the Maryland State’s emissions inspections.

Why You Should Charge Your EV at Home in Maryland

Public EV charging stations play an essential role in EV owners’ ability to cover more miles, but home-based EV charging offers maximum efficiency, accessibility, convenience, and affordability.

Charging your EV at home is akin to having your very own personal filling station. You can wake up each morning to a full “tank” with minimal to no effort outside of plugging in your vehicle the night before.

The most affordable, Level 1 EV charging, can be accomplished with the simple use of a standard 120V outlet and as such, often requires no additional infrastructure or electrical work to install. While it may seem slow, only adding about 3-5 miles of range per hour, it’s perfectly suited to overnight charging or topping up during your workday if you have a shorter commute and rarely take longer trips. This is a great option for drivers who don’t travel far from home or have alternative charging options, such as workplace charging, available but may not meet the needs of drivers who take longer trips, have a longer commute, or have multiple EVs to charge.

Level 2 chargers are the speedier option and are preferred by most drivers, as they afford the ability to fully charge overnight. Although they require a 240V outlet — similar to the kind your clothes dryer uses — Level 2 EV charger installation will require a dedicated circuit and professional installation using commercial-grade materials due to the higher powered voltage they use on a consistent basis. You may also need to consider a panel upgrade or other infrastructure support to safely power your EV, and a licensed electrician can determine this through a load calculation. While costlier to install, Level 2 EV chargers offer a more impressive charging speed of 10-60 miles of range per hour. This could mean a full charge in as little as 4 hours, depending on your vehicle’s battery size.

Maryland’s generous Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) Rebate Program can offset some of the cost (up to 40% of the cost of setting up a new EV charging station) if you decide an at-home Level 2 EV charger installation is best for your charging needs. It’s a winning combination of faster charging, increased convenience, and added savings with the financial support from your state.

The MEA offers a rebate of up to $700 while utilities offer up to $500 for EV installations on a private home driveway. Don’t forget the take advantage of lower electricity rates for charging during off-peak hours.

Adjusting Your EV Travel in Maryland For Climate and Battery Capacity

Maryland sees a mix of humid summers and mild to severe winters, which can potentially influence your charging routines and battery efficiency. Regular fluctuations in temperatures call for more frequent charging sessions, and heavy snowfall requires additional battery power for heating.

To outsmart the weather, consider pre-conditioning your EV while it’s plugged in. This technique allows it to reach an optimal temperature without depleting the battery.

When planning road trips, plotting your route and timing your stops strategically will ensure uninterrupted energy. Choosing restaurants, attractions, and accommodations that offer rest stops or overnight charging is also more convenient and saves time.

Acknowledging that your EV’s battery capacity isn’t a constant companion is key to maintaining your vehicle’s health in the long run. Its endurance will decrease with time and usage. Optimizing your charging strategy guarantees prime performance and prolongs battery life.

EV Travel and Ownership In Maryland State

From the hustling city of Baltimore to the charming cobblestone streets of Annapolis, Maryland’s army of EVs is making a bold statement for a cleaner, greener future. As the Old Line State continues to weave an extensive web of charging stations, an electrified and sustainable transportation future inches closer.

With its extensive array of financial incentives at federal, state, and local levels, EV owners are assured of a seamless switch from gas-powered vehicles.

Embarking on an epic Maryland road trip will also prove to be safe and smooth as long as it’s carefully planned. Just as you plot your must-see sights and pitstops, mapping out your charging stations is equally crucial for a hiccup-free adventure.

In the long term, your Maryland electric vehicle ownership will be more convenient, and charging will be more reliable and cost-effective with your own at-home EV charger installation. Maryland’s utility companies offer low electricity rates during off-peak hours, and powering up your vehicle overnight guarantees optimum performance for the next day.

Qmerit, the most trusted electrification installer in North America, can ensure that your switch to a more sustainable mode of transportation is simple and seamless. With over 269,000 EV charger installations to-date and the largest network of certified EV charger installers in North America, Qmerit can help make going electric easy.

With a solid charging game plan, you can sit back, relax, and enjoy the journey as much as the destination. Contact Qmerit today and let’s drive you into a new future of seamless EV charging with our at-home EV charger installation services.

Author: Greg Sowder Greg Sowder President, Qmerit Network